Eye Conditions and Treatments

Understanding your eye condition, how it is treated and proper before and aftercare is crucial to your optimal recovery.

This page provides general advice for the perusing patient, but you will be given more specific information during your consult, tailored to you.

Everyone is born with a crystal clear lens in their eye which helps focus light so we can see.
A cataract is a clouding of this lens usually due to aging and sometimes due to trauma, some medications, some health conditions and UV exposure.

Laser Vision Surgery

Custom laser vision correction surgery can correct almost any refractive vision condition including near sightedness (myopia), far sightedness (hyperopia) and astigmatism (football shaped cornea). 

Corneal Transplants

Corneal transplantation plays an integral role in restoring the clarity of the front window of the eye (cornea) or as a structural support when infection, inflammation or trauma has caused damage to the cornea.


A pterygium is a fleshy growth that looks like an extension of skin growing across the surface of the eye.

It generally starts from the white part of the eye (the conjunctiva) and starts to cover the central clear part (the cornea) that overlies the coloured part of your eye (the iris).

Ocular Surface Reconstruction and Keratoprosthesis

Patients requiring this sort of surgery are classically patients who have suffered from severe chemical or thermal burns to the eye, severe medication reactions, treatment of ocular cancers, or contact lens overwear syndrome where medical therapies have failed to restore the surface.

Dry Eye Therapies

Dry eye disease sounds like a fairly benign condition but actually affects a significant proportion of the population and leads to discomfort and impaired vision. Dry eye disease can be due to deficiencies in water, mucus, or oil. It’s important that these three ingredients are present in healthy proportions in order to maintain a healthy tear and ocular surface.


As we use our facial muscles with time, and with sun exposure and hormonal changes, the collagen in our skin reduces over time and results in skin creases, commonly crow’s feet, frown lines and linear creases across the forehead. In addition, various eyelid and facial spasms can be a debilitating time for patients suffering from these often difficult to treat conditions.

Fuchs Endothelial Dystrophy

The cornea is the clear front window of the eye that accounts for about two thirds of the focusing power of the eye. To maintain its clarity, there is a thin layer of special pump cells (called endothelium) which operate continuously to keep the cornea clear and not waterlogged. In Fuchs dystrophy, these pump cells don’t work properly, the corneal “window” starts to swell with water and this causes blurring of vision.